Flu Vaccine

Flu Vaccine

 

Influenza (flu) is a contagious disease which can lead to serious illness, including pneumonia .Influenza is a viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs.

 

How does flu spread?

Influenza viruses are spread Easley from one person to another in tiny droplets, when the patient speaks, coughs, and/or sneezes. The virus can enter the nose, throat, and lungs and begin to multiply. Also, you may become infected by touching a contaminated surface, then touching his/her nose mouth or eyes.

People infected with flu can spread and infect others by 1 day before getting sick to about 5-7 days after getting sick or longer especially in the cases of children or people with weakened immune system

  • Prevention of Influenza:
  • A flu vaccine is the first and most important step in protecting against flu viruses.
  • While there are many different flu viruses, the flu vaccine protects against the viruses that research indicates will be most common, H1N1, an H3N2, and influenza B virus.
  • It is important to get your flu vaccine EVERY YEAR, because Flu viruses are constantly changing, so flu vaccines may be updated from one season to the next. Also, a person’s immune protection from the flu vaccine declines over time. For the best protection, everyone 6 months and older should get vaccinated annually.

Who should get the flu shot?

1-Everyone 6 months of age and older should get vaccinated against the flu each year, especially who are 5 years and less

2-People with chronic disease such as asthma, diabetes, heart and lung disease

3-Pregnant women

4-People 65 years or older

5-Healthcare workers and people who live with or take care of someone at high risk.

6- Have a depressed immune system, HIV, or cancer

 

Why is flu vaccine important?

 Flu is a contagious respiratory disease that can lead to serious illness & hospitalization. Even healthy people can get very sick from the flu and spread it to others.

Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors’ visits, and missed work and school due to flu by 50-60%, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations.

 

When to get vaccinated?

Fall is the time to get your annual flu vaccine. If possible, get your flu vaccine by the end of October!

Seasonal flu outbreaks can happen as early as October and last as late as May. It is best to get vaccinated before influenza viruses start to spread in your community since it takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body and provide protection against the flu.

 

What are the side effects of the flu vaccine?

Flu shots are safe, but there may be some mild side effects. The most common side effects from the flu shot are soreness, redness, tenderness, or swelling where the shot is given.

 

General prevention methods to reduce the spread of flu virus in the community:

  • Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
  •  If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  •  Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
  •  Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  •  Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germs like the flu.
 

Protect yourself and your family from flu: get vaccinated.