Breast feeding

Feeding your baby gives you a chance to hold your baby close, cuddle him, and make eye contact ,these are enjoyable moments.

Advantages of breastfeeding:

Human milk is the best possible food for any infant:

  1. Breast milk contains numerous minerals, vitamins and enzymes that aid the digestion and absorption process.

  2. Human milk needs no preparation and is available at anytime wherever you may be.

  3. Breastfeeding makes it much easier to get back into shape physically after giving birth, by using up about 500 calories a day and by helping the uterus tighten up and return more quickly to its normal size.

  4. Nursing provides direct skin-to-skin contact, which is soothing for your baby and pleasant for you.

  5. If mothers are away from the baby for a period of time, they can continue to provide their milk to the baby by pumping and collecting breast milk for frozen, storage and bottle-feeding by other family member.

    How often:

    Your baby lets you know when he is hungry by:

  • Waking and looking alert.
  • Putting hands toward his mouth.
  • Making sucking motions.
  • Whimpering and flexing arms and hands.
  • Moving fists to his mouth.
  • Becoming more active.
  • Nuzzling against your breast.
  • Crying is a late sign of hunger.

During the first few weeks of life, try feeding your baby every 2 to 3 hours even if he doesn’t cry for nourishment.

How long:

  • Allow your baby to continue nursing on the first breast as long as desired. When your baby stops for a prolonged period or withdraws from the breast, burp him.

  • If your baby seems sleepy after the first breast, you may want to wake him up a bit by changing diaper or playing with him a little before switching him to second side.

     

    How do you know if your baby is getting enough?

  • Baby’s diapers:

    During the first month, baby should wet six or more times a day and generally have three to four bowel movements daily.

    Later, baby may have less frequent bowel movements, and there may even be a day or more between them.

  • Baby’s swallowing:

    Another clue about intake is weather you can hear your baby swallow.

  • Baby’s satisfaction:

  •    Appearing satisfied for a couple of hours after a feeding is also a sign that your baby is getting enough.

  • Weight gain:

    During the first week of life, your baby may lose up to 7-10% of his weight. By the end of second week, baby ought to be back to his birth weight.

    Your pediatrician will weigh the baby at every visit.

    How do you burp a baby?

  1. Hold the baby upright with head on your shoulder, supporting his head and back while you gently pat his back with your other hand.

  2. Sit the baby on your lap, supporting his chest and head with one hand while patting his back with your other hand.

  3. Lay the baby on your lap with his back up. Support his head so it is higher than his chest, and gently pat or rotate your hand on his back.

    Hiccups:

  4. If hiccups occur during a feeding, change his position, try to get him burp.

  5. Wait until the hiccups are gone to resume feeding.

  6. If they don’t disappear on their own in 5-10 minutes, try to resume feeding for a few minutes.